In order to know where we want to get, it is important to remember where we are from. Before coming together and forming Latin America’s largest airline we had a history full of pioneering spirit, challenges and achievements that brought us here.
Discover the most important milestones in our history.
• Commandant Arturo Merino Benítez creates LAN, Chile’s Línea Aérea Nacional.
• Commandant Rolim Amaro establishes TAM, Brazil’s Transportes Aéreos Regionais.
• Chile’s Corfo constitutes Línea Aérea Nacional – Chile Limitada.
• LAN becomes an public limited company.
• Beginning of the privatization process. Chile’s government sells 51% of stakes to local investors and to Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS).
• Brasil Central changes its name to TAM - Transportes Aéreos Meridionais
• TAM launches its TAM Fidelidade, the first frequent flyer program in Brazil.
• LAN privatization reaches its peak: 98,7% of shares are acquired by the current controllers and other stakeholders.
• TAM purchases Lapsa airliner from Paraguay’s government, creating TAM Mercosur.
• Establishment of TAM Cargo.
• LAN begins trading shares on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and becomes the first Latin American airline trading ADRs on this major stock exchange.
• Establishment of TAM Viagens.
• Arrival of the first A330 and completion of TAM’s first international flight from Sao Paulo to Miami.
• Beginning of LAN Peru operations.
• TAM opens operations for Europe, through a codeshare agreement with Air France to Paris (Charles de Gaulle airport).
• LAN joins oneworld ®.
• LAN opens a cargo terminal in Miami.
• TAM establishes the Services Academy and TAM MRO.
• Beginning of LAN Ecuador operations.
• Change in the corporate image: LAN Airlines S.A.
• TAM starts flying to Santiago, Chile.
• Launching of business class for flights in Paris (France) and Miami (USA).
• Beginning of LAN Argentina operations.
• TAM S.A. IPO at Sao Paulo Stock Exchange (Bovespa).
• Launching of flights to New York (USA) and Buenos Aires (Argentina).
• LAN launches its Premium Business category.
• TAM S.A. IPO at New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).
• TAM Museum is inaugurated.
• Mock-up installation in TAM’s Services Academy, consolidating it as the largest and most modern aviation training center in Latin America.
• New flights to Frankfurt (Germany), Milan (Italy), Madrid (Spain) and Paris (France) via Rio de Janeiro.
• LAN ends its short distances fleet renewal process; fleet is now formed by A320 airplanes.
• TAM launches its new logo.
• Arrival of TAM’s first Boeing 777-300ER.
• LAN lauches cargo operations in Colombia and domestic passengers operations in Ecuador.
• Multiplus Fidelidade becomes an independent company.
• TAM announces the acquisition of Pantanal Linhas Aereas.
• LAN buys Colombian airline Aires.
• TAM officially joins Star Alliance.
• TAM successfully performs the first flight in Latin America with biofuel from jatropha.
• LAN and TAM sign tying arrangements related to the business combination between both companies.
• LATAM Airlines Group is born out of the joint operations of LAN and TAM.
• TAM joins oneworld® alliance. Now, all air passenger transportation LATAM Group companies are part of the same global alliance.
• LATAM Group develops a strong strategic plan for the following four years (2015-2018), with the goal of becoming one of the most important airlines groups in the world.
• The new LATAM brand is officially launched, with new colors and a new logo.
• In May, the new LATAM image begins to be implemented.
We have established training programs for flight crews and mechanics according to the highest standards, both at facilities abroad and at our own training centers, which we have developed together with our trusted partners.
Excellence in transportation
In the area of passenger transportation, at LAN Airlines we work hard to achieve superior performance and on-time rating. Likewise, we focus on providing top-rate onboard service, attractive pricing, quick and convenient baggage check, and all the comforts of a modern fleet.
With regard to cargo operations, our focus is on offering a reliable service, maximizing capacity for different cargo types and larger volumes, and making better use of our facilities at key hubs to satisfy the needs of our clients and customers.
Currently, LAN AIRLINES and its subsidiaries operate 118 passenger aircraft, while LAN CARGO and its subsidiaries have 13 cargo aircraft, featuring one of the most modern fleets in the world, resulting in greater efficiency and a significant reduction in CO2 emissions, a reflection of its standing commitment to environmental protection.
Safety: Our top priority
As a firm we structure our operations and maintenance around the safety of all of our flights. Our technical service facilities are certified by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA), Directorate General for Civil Aviation (DGAC), and other civil aviation authorities. Additionally, our flight procedures are certified under ISO 9001-2000 standards.
In 2000, LAN joined oneworld (TM), a global partnership of leading affiliated airlines and air transport companies, providing an extensive network of routes for our passengers.
In that same year, LAN began a program to update its Airbus passenger fleet with 27 new aircraft.
Later, in 2004, a change was made in the company's corporate identity, and the company became known as LAN Airlines S.A. This brand consistency allows our customers to better identify the top service and safety standards of LAN Airlines, LAN Express, LAN Peru, LAN Ecuador, and LAN Argentina, as well as LAN Cargo and its subsidiaries. In November 2010, LAN acquired AIRES, a Colombian airline.
History of LAN
LAN was founded as a state enterprise in 1929 to provide passenger, cargo, and postal air transportation services.
After operating for 60 years as a state enterprise, in 1989, the Chilean government sold 51% of its equity stake to domestic investors and to Scandinavian Airlines Systems (SAS), thus beginning the process of privatization.
This process came to a culmination in 1994, when the current controlling shareholders, together with other major shareholders, acquired 98.7% of the company's equity, including all holdings still owned by the government. Since then, LAN has launched a program of decisive domestic and international expansion.
History of TAM
TAM's history began in 1961, when ten young pilots joined forces to create Taxi Aéreo Marilia. At the time, they worked transporting cargo and passengers between Paraná and the states of São Paulo and Mato Grosso. After six years, the group was purchased by entrepreneur Orlando Ometto, headquarters were relocated to São Paulo, and the company began transporting company correspondence exclusively.
In 1971, Captain Rolim Amaro, who had worked at the company in its early years, was invited by Orlando Ometto to acquire a minority share in the company, with 33% of equity. The following year, the pilot acquired half of all TAM shares, taking control of the company's management.
1976 marked the launch of TAM - Transportes Aéreos Regionais, which gave rise to the company known today as TAM Linhas Aéreas. Rolim then became holder of 60% equity in the new company.
The first significant expansion of the company's network occurred in 1986, with the acquisition of the airline Votec, thereby extending operations to the Center-West and Northern regions of Brazil. Ten years later, TAM began operations across the entirety of Brazilian territory. TAM acquired the company Lapsa from the Paraguayan government and created TAM Mercosur.
Together with a consortium made up of Lan Chile and Taca, TAM spearheaded negotiations for the purchase of Airbus aircraft. The outcome was the three companies' purchase of 150 aircraft from the European manufacturer.
2008 saw historic achievements for TAM, with the repositioning of its brand and the announcement of its joining the Star Alliance. The company's brand repositioning guidelines were announced in February, reaffirming TAM's values of "Passion for Aviation" and "Spirit of Service", inherited from the company's founder, Captain Rolim Adolfo Amaro. The company's joining the Star Alliance, announced in October, represented a new level of international expansion for TAM. To further its international expansion, the company expanded its codeshare agreements with several companies, including TAP, Lufthansa and Air Canada, maintaining agreements in South America with LAN Chile, LAN Peru, LAN Argentina and Pluna.
By the end of 2009, the company had a fleet of 132 aircraft, made up of 107 narrow-body Airbus (twenty A319, eighty-one A320, and five A321) and 25 wide-body aircraft, 18 of which are Airbus (sixteen A330, two A340), and seven of which are Boeing (four Boeing 777-300 ER and three Boeing 767-300).
Finally, in 2010, TAM and LAN announced their plans to merge the two holdings in a single controlling entity: LATAM Airlines Group.