new terms to add to your aviation dictionary

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Cruising speed

The constant speed maintained by an aircraft for most of the flight, under normal temperature and pressure conditions, with minimum fuel consumption. The term was originally used in open-sea navigation. 

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Glass cockpit

Where the magic happens: the cabin where the airplane pilot commands the flight with help from several electronic devices, which show information like altitude and speed.

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Cabotage

Concept that means “to transport from port to port.” Originally applied to shipping along coastal routes, it refers to the transportation of people, goods, or cargo from one destination to another within the same country.

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Machmeter

Device that indicates the relative speed in Mach (unit of measurement named after Austrian physicist and philosopher Ernst Mach), obtained by dividing the plane’s speed by the speed of sound.

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Goggles

Spectacles that prevent injury to the eyes during flights on open-cockpit planes. They were first used in the early 20th century, and, in the past, they featured leather lining.